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UPDATE - Want to know more about IR35? Click here to visit our IR35 hub. 

In April 2021, HMRC plans to change the rules around off-payroll workers in the private sector (commonly referred to as IR35), these changes will affect how tax and national insurance contributions will be calculated for some contractors working through a personal service company.

These planned changes have caused some concern amongst workers and businesses.

IR35 is the name given to tax legislation in the Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003 (ITEPA), it applies to individuals supplying their services through an intermediary, usually a personal service company (PSC). The IR35 legislation seeks to ensure that contractors working through their own PSCs pay employment taxes and NICs where were it not for the PSC they work through, they would be employed by the client, commonly known as “inside IR35”.

If IR35 applies, then PAYE and National Insurance contributions are deducted from the rate. This prevents the contractor from being paid a minimum salary, up to the limit of his/her tax-free allowance and leaving the rest in the company. If money is withdrawn from a company as a dividend, although tax is due at the dividend rate, there are no NICs payable.

Are you candidate wanting to know how the IR35 changes might affect you? please visit our Candidate advice page here.  

When will the IR35 changes roll out to the private sector? 

The changes to the legislation surrounding the responsibility for determining IR35 status will be shifted from the worker to the engager on 6th April 2021. These changes, along with some adjustments to the public sector legislation, will bring the private and public sector in line with each other.  

Road to IR35

When did the IR35 changes roll out to the public sector? 

HMRC changed the rules around off-payroll workers in the public sector in April 2017. The liability for determining IR35 status was moved from the worker to the engager at very short notice.

The reaction in the public sector was to deem all off-payroll workers as inside IR35. This decision was made to avoid falling foul of the rules and suffering penalties.

This blanket decision caused many contractors to leave the public sector entirely, causing disruption and delays on several public sector projects.​

Looking for advice on IR35?

Whether you are the end client engaging with contract workers, or a contract worker providing your services through a PSC, Employment Solutions can help. If you would like to discuss IR35 and how you think it may affect your business, please get in touch today. You can call us on or fill out the form below. If you would like more information on how IR35 could affect your business visit our IR35 client page here.